Figs are the fruit of the ficus tree, which is part of the mulberry family (Moraceae). Figs have a unique, sweet taste, soft and chewy texture and are littered with slightly crunchy, edible seeds. Fresh figs are delicate and perishable, so are often dried to preserve. This produces a sweet and nutritious dried fruit that can be enjoyed all year round. There are multiple different varieties of fig, all of which vary widely in colour and texture. Their unique feature is a little bud-like opening called an ostiole at the top that helps the fruit develop. Their natural sweetness meant that, before the days of refined sugars, they were often used as a sweetener.

Fig contains high and valuable nutritional value. It contains vitamin C, beta carotene, B vitamins, calcium, iron and potassium and rich in dietary fiber. However, the fig is rich in sugar (dextrose) and has a high glycemic index. Therefore, to enjoy the benefits of figs, it is advised to eat them along with foods that have low glycemic index, such as walnuts, almonds or vegetables. Eating them together allows the fig (and the sugar) be absorbed more slowly into the bloodstream.One of the world’s oldest trees, the fig tree can be traced back to the earliest historical documents and features prominently in the holy books.


The common fig bears a first crop, called the breba crop, in the spring on last season’s growth. The second crop is borne in the fall on the new growth and is known as the main crop. In cold climates the breba crop is often destroyed by spring frosts. The matured “fruit” has a tough peel (pure green, green suffused with brown, brown or purple), often cracking upon ripeness, and exposing the pulp beneath. The interior is a white inner rind containing a seed mass bound with jelly-like flesh. The edible seeds are numerous and generally hollow, unless pollinated. Pollinated seeds provide the characteristic nutty taste of dried figs.

Health Benefits Of Figs:

1. Mouth:

Chew 2-3 tender fig leaves and gargle with water to overcome bad breath and ulcer.

2. Sexual Vitality:

Fig is an orthodox remedy to increase sexual weakness. Soak 4-5 figs in milk overnight and eat in the morning to overcome weakness.

3. Kidney Stones:

Boil 6 figs in a cup of water. Consume this daily up to a month to remove kidney stones.

4. Acne:

Apply mashed fresh figs all over your face and let it dry for 15-20minutes. This remedy is useful for curing acne.Also milky juice of fig stem and leaves can be applied daily several times to cure warts.They also have anti-ageing properties.

5. Diabetes:

Since figs are high in potassium, they help reduce insulin.  Daily, consume fig seeds with one teaspoon of honey to control diabetes. Try doing this for a week to see good results.Also Fig leaves can be consumed for anti-diabetic properties

6. Healthy Bones:

Figs have good amount of calcium in it. This helps to strengthen bones.

7. Chicken Pox:

Early stages of chicken pox can be treated with figs.

8. Weight Loss:

Figs include good amount of dietary fibers, which are helpful for reducing body weight.

9. Sore Throat:

Mix dries fig and honey in water to get rid of sore throat.

10. Constipation:

Consume 2-3 soaked dried figs with a tablespoon of honey. Use this continuously for a month every morning to relive constipation.

Fresh or dried, fig is a great fruit available for us to use to relieve toothache, solve digestive problems, and even strengthen the nails. This article will cover all the ways to eat and drink this natural medicine.It is known since ancient times about the healing properties of figs for being a natural laxative, clean toxins and improve canker sores.Dried figs will keep for much longer. When purchasing dried figs, you want to ensure that they are free from mould and are soft. Dried figs can be kept in a cool, dark place or in the fridge.Figs can be consumed either peeled or unpeeled, depending on the thickness of the skin as well as personal preference. Since the insides of ripe figs are rather soft and sticky they can be difficult to chop.


Uses of figs:

Luscious and sweet figs are seasonal fruits which are enjoyed by one and all. Figs are extremely juicy and sweet, and have a chewy flesh and crunchy seeds. They are eaten in both the raw and dry forms. Fresh figs are more nutritious than dry figs, so try to include more of fresh figs in your diet than the dry ones. Before eating or using figs, wash them under running water and gently remove the stem. You can eat fresh figs whole or peeled. Simmer frozen figs in water to make them plumper and juicier.

For treating eye infections dilute fig milk with water and apply on the inflamed eye by a gauze bandage.It is recommended for women to consume figs, mostly dry figs, for strengthening the nails. This is because figs are very rich in calcium.Dried figs have much higher sugar content than the fresh ones, so you can chop and add them to your desserts and other sweet dishes to add a touch of sweetness.

Figs are used to brush away toxins, and are considered as one of the foods with the most basic pH, and therefore they balance the acidic conditions obtained as a result of consuming a menu rich in meat and processed foods.Fresh figs are a great addition to salads, cakes and ice creams. Sweet and juicy figs should be enjoyed without any additions to enjoy their taste to the fullest. Since figs are highly alkaline, you can mix them with other foods too. It will not alter the fig’s taste in any way.

Processed figs are used in making pies, pudding, cakes, jam and other bakery products while dried figs are used for preparing muesli bars, porridge and as an addition to cereals and porridges. You can also add dried figs to soups, stews and in meat preparation to enhance the taste. The paste of figs is also used as a sugar substitute in some regions.

Drinking figs brew helps relieve dry cough, asthma and sore throat, and helps in cases of excess mucus. Cook a fig or two with half a cup of water for a few minutes, and drink the liquid several times a day.